Valentine's Day, also known as St. Valentine's Day or the Feast of St. Valentine, is observed on February 14 every year. It began as a Christian Western feast day celebrating one or two early Christian martyrs called Saint Valentine and is known in many regions of the world as an important cultural, religious, and commercial festival of romance and love.
There are a number of Valentines-related martyrdom legends linked to February 14, including an account of the incarceration of Saint Valentine of Rome in the third century for ministering to Christians persecuted under the Roman Empire. Saint Valentine restored sight to the blind daughter of his jailer, according to an early tradition. It was better tied to the theme of devotion through several later changes to the tradition: an 18th-century embellishment to the legend suggests that he penned a letter signed "Your Valentine" to the jailer's daughter as a goodbye before his execution; another extension posits that Saint Valentine married Christian soldiers who were forbidden to marry.
Valentine was the name of several early Christian martyrs. The Valentines celebrated on February 14 are Rome's Valentine (Valentinus presb. m. Romae) and Terni's Valentine (Valentinus ep. Interamnensis m. Romae). In Rome, Valentine of Rome was a priest who was martyred in 269 and was restored in 496 by Pope Gelasius I to the calendar of saints and buried on the Via Flaminia. In the Church and Catacombs of San Valentino in Rome, which "remained an important pilgrim site throughout the Middle Ages until the relics of St. Valentine were transferred to the church of Santa Prassede during the pontificate of Nicholas IV"
Valentine's Day is now a day for sweethearts, whatever the unusual combination of roots. It is the day that you prove that you care for your friend or loved one. To anyone you think is special, you may give sweets. Or you can give fl owers, red roses in particular, which are the flowers of passion. Many people give a greeting card to their "Valentine." Since the letters that one St. Valentine wrote from prison, these greeting cards are often labeled "Valentines." There will be nostalgic, romantic, and sincere Valentine's Day cards. They can be nice and humorous. The Valentine can be anonymous, or signed "Your Secret Admirer" if the sender is shy.
While the new Anglo-American rituals linking the day with romantic love have marginalized the European folk beliefs synonymous with Saint Valentine and St. Valentine's Day, there are some residual connections connecting the saint with the arrival of spring. While the tradition of sending cards, candles, chocolates and other presents originated in the United Kingdom, Valentine's Day remains related in England to different regional traditions. A character named 'John' Valentine knocks on the rear door of houses in Norfolk, leaving candy and children's gifts. While he was leaving sweets, this magical individual terrified many youngsters.
In Slovenia, one of the saints of spring was Saint Valentine or Zdravko, a saint of good health and a patron of beekeepers and pilgrims. "Saint Valentine brings the keys of roots"the keys of roots are brought by Saint Valentine. On this day, plants and flowers start to grow. It is celebrated as the day that the first work starts in the vineyards and fields. It is also said that on that day, birds propose to each other or marry. "Another proverb says "Valentin-prvi spomladin" ("Valentine-the first spring saint"), as Saint Valentine marks the beginning of spring in some places (especially White Carniola). Just lately has Valentine's Day been celebrated as the day of devotion.